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Vol. 31. Issue 1.
Pages 53-55 (January 2012)
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Vol. 31. Issue 1.
Pages 53-55 (January 2012)
Image in cardiology
DOI: 10.1016/j.repce.2011.11.017
Open Access
Incidental cardiac findings on cardiac CT with prognostic impact
Achados cardíacos com impacto prognóstico por AngioTC cardíaca
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Carla Almeida??
Corresponding author
correio.carla@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Raquel Dourado, Carina Machado, Emília Santos, Nuno Pelicano, Miguel Pacheco, Anabela Tavares, Fernando Melo, Manuela Matos, Vieira Faria, Dinis Martins
Serviço de Cardiologia do Hospital Divino Espírito Santo, EPE de Ponta Delgada, Ponta Delgada, Portugal
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Introduction

The value of cardiac computed tomography (CT) in the assessment of coronary anatomy is well established.1 This technique also enables visualization of other cardiac structures, with constantly improving resolution, and incidental findings are thus relatively common.

The authors present three cases of intracardiac findings during cardiac CT.

Case 1

A 20-year-old man complaining of chest pain was referred for cardiac CT to exclude coronary artery anomalies. The exam showed coronaries with normal origin and course, but contrast was observed passing from the left atrium (LA) to the right atrium, raising the suspicion of a communication between the two chambers. Transesophageal echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis of ostium secundum-type atrial septal defect (Figure 1), which was closed surgically.

Figure 1.

Ostium secundum-type atrial septal defect (A and B – cardiac CT; C – transesophageal echocardiogram). A: passage of contrast from left to right atrium (arrow). B: communication between left and right atria (arrow).

(0.35MB).
Case 2

A 50-year-old man with a history of type 2 diabetes, permanent atrial fibrillation and chest pain, was referred for cardiac CT to exclude coronary disease. The exam revealed non-significant coronary disease, dilated LA and a subtraction image in the left atrial appendage suggestive of thrombus (Figure 2). The diagnosis could have been confirmed by a second scan a few minutes after the first or by transesophageal echocardiography, but these were not performed because the results would not have altered the therapeutic approach. The patient was prescribed oral anticoagulation.

Figure 2.

Thrombus in the left atrial appendage (*: thrombus; 1: dilated left atrium).

(0.11MB).
Case 3

A 58-year-old man with known coronary disease, who had previously undergone angioplasty of the proximal anterior descending artery, experienced recurrence of angina and was accordingly referred for cardiac CT to assess stent patency. The exam excluded progression of coronary disease but revealed asymmetrical left ventricular hypertrophy and a ventricular septum of 36mm (Figure 3), compatible with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A cardioverter-defibrillator was implanted and to date no appropriate therapies have been recorded.

Figure 3.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

(0.13MB).
Discussion

Cardiac CT is one of the most useful diagnostic techniques available to cardiologists. Advances in CT equipment, particularly in improved spatial resolution, shorter acquisition times and lower radiation doses, have made it possible to diagnose a growing range of cardiac disorders with increasing precision.

The authors present three cases in which cardiac CT was performed initially to exclude coronary disease but succeeded in diagnosing other cardiac disorders, leading to changes in treatment.

Several articles have been published on extracardiac findings diagnosed by cardiac CT.2 However, the intracardiac findings with prognostic impact presented here highlight the usefulness of this modality in diagnosing other cardiac disorders.

Conflicts of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

References
[1]
A.J. Taylor, M. Cerqueira, J.M. Hodgson, et al.
ACCF/SCCT/ACR/AHA/ASE/ASNC/SCAI/SCMR 2010 Appropriate Use Criteria for Cardiac Computed Tomography. A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, the American College of Radiology, the American Heart Association, the American Society of Echocardiography, the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, the North American Society for Cardiovascular Imaging, the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance.
Circulation, 122 (2010), pp. e525-e555
[2]
C.I. Lee, E.B. Tsai, B.M. Sigal, et al.
Incidental extracardiac findings at coronary CT: clinical and economic impact.
AJR Am J Roentgenol, 194 (2010), pp. 1531-1538

Please cite this article as: Almeida, C. Achados cardíacos com impacto prognóstico por AngioTC cardíaca. doi:10.1016/j.repc.2011.09.020.

Copyright © 2011. Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia
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